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European art

National traditions, circulations, and identities in European art. An analysis of the factors of unity and division at work in the complex development of European cultural identity.

Editorial managers: Christine Gouzi, Elinor Kelif and Dany Sandron.

Titian, The Rape of Europa. 1560-1562, oil on canvas. Source: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
Snowshill Manor, England.

The production of monumental architecture is an essential aspect of European cultural history. Beginning in Antiquity, and then under the influence of Christianity, an extremely diverse body was built throughout the continent, and was the source of vast stylistic movements stretching over nearly two thousand years. This sacred and secular collection was adapted and passed down until the twentieth century, both with regard to its forms and its technology, while simultaneously importing non-European motifs. Since the Enlightenment, the recognition of monuments has stimulated this cross-cultural transfer, assisted by the rise of national spaces and driven by the near-sanctuarization of the monument, which was recognized by protective laws applied during the nineteenth century in various countries. Despite destruction and the World Wars, Europe never ceased to think of itself as a monumental continent whose resources, which are today used for political and economic purposes, confer on it the best part of its global prestige.

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Portrait photographique de Marc Chagall (1887-1985), 4 juillet 1941
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André Belloguet, L’Europe animale : physiologie comique composée et dessinée sur les contours géographiques de l’Europe

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