In 2007, Nicole Dufournaud defended her doctoral dissertation, supervised by André Burguière of l’EHESS (Paris), on the “The role and powers of women during the sixteenth century in Western France.” A specialist on the role of women during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, her research focuses on women’s work —merchants in particular— women in kinship relations, discourses on gender equality/inequality, women in arms, the transfer of property, and the legal construction of gender categories. Her analyses are based on computer methods that facilitate data analysis of digitized and transcribed texts on the role of women in France’s Ancien Régime economy and society. With Bernard Michon she co-edited Femmes et négoce dans les ports européens..., which was published in December 2018 by Peter Lang.

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