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Lettre du LabEx EHNE n°8 - été 2018

Lettre du LabEx EHNE

Chères et chers collègues, veuillez trouver ci-après les dernières actualités du LabEx Écrire une Histoire Nouvelle de l'Europe. Bien cordialement, Clémence Blazy pour le LabEx EHNE

Manifestations à venir 
Dernières notices 

Yann RODIER

L’identité flottante des Tsiganes se construit peu à peu, à partir de leur arrivée en Europe occidentale au xve siècle. Malgré une fascination certaine, ils sont considérés comme des professionnels du nomadisme, du vol, du vagabondage et de la tromperie, au point qu’un arsenal législatif de plus en plus répressif est mis en place...

Frontispice de l’Art de connoistre les hommes, de Marin Cureau de La Chambre. Le médecin du roi, au milieu de ses instruments et de ses livres représente la pratique savante de la physiognomonie qui relègue la diseuse de bonne aventure, dans la rue en habit folklorique, à un arrière-plan marginal.

Delphine DIAZ

During the modern period, exiles were for a long time essentially masculine figures in representations. Yet the study of forced migration, whether of a political, religious, or sexual nature, shows that from the early nineteenth century onwards, women were also part of the phenomenon of exile, which we understand here in a broad manner as all forms of forced...

Spanish refugees at the Cerbère frontier post, January 1939.

Marie-Claire HOOCK-DEMARLE

As a result of the expansion of space and acceleration of time that followed the upheavals of the French Revolution, and seized by the mobility and modernity of the moment, women flouted an epistolary medium that had largely been limited to the domestic sphere, and transformed their correspondence into a networking of the new European space. They...

By choosing the epistolary genre, Mme de Staël (1766-1817) expressed her attachment to this form of expression, which allowed her to disseminate her thought across Europe even while in exile

Louis-Pascal JACQUEMOND

In the nineteenth century, women in Europe were still practically excluded from the world of science and technical fields in the name of their supposed natural inferiority. Only a few female intellectuals from the enlightened aristocracy contributed to progress and participated in scientific debates, with women occupying subordinate posts, and technical ones...

Marie Curie's success inspire other women to study science, on this picture the great scientist is surrounded by 4 students (between 1910-1915).

Annika WILMERS

International women’s peace movements took on different forms: in the 19th century, internationally minded women pacifists often initially built contacts between two or three countries. In the first half of the 20th century, international organisational structures were established. Moreover, some existing international women’s organisations...

Platform at the International Congress of Women at The Hague, April 1915. Sixth person from the left side: Jane Addams (President of the Congress), LSE Library.

Arnaud ALESSANDRIN

The term transidentities, which appeared in Germany in the early twentieth century, refers to a series of practices for identifying with a gender different from the one assigned at birth. The definition of transidentities is located at the intersection of medical discourse, legal dictates, and social practices.  Medical and surgical progress...

Transgender symbol

Gary IANZITI

This entry focuses on a particularly significant moment in the history of historical writing in Europe. It posits that Renaissance humanism—an intellectual movement whose development can plausibly be located in early fifteenth-century Italy—gave birth to radically new ways of conceptualizing and representing the past. To some extent the changes were the result of a...

Leonardo Bruni. History of the Florentine people. The University of Sydney.

Linda GUERRY

Nationality, which was born with the emergence of nation states, is a legal connection between an individual and a state. While nationals formed a homogeneous group, the rights and obligations relating to citizenship differed notably according to gender. The same was true of the transmission, acquisition, or conservation of nationality. This discrimination, which...

Declaration in view of requesting a husband’s French nationality (front), 1939.  (Individual files for naturalization requests by marriage created according to the law decree of November 12, 1938, 6 M 1287, file 318/24 DX40).

Alexandre DUPONT

The role of women in the counter-revolution during the nineteenth century is unexpected in light of the gendered conception of social relations supported by this political family. It defended a society inspired by the Ancien Régime, one that was based on Catholicism and monarchy, as well as traditionalist social frameworks and the upholding of a patriarchal model....

Bordalo Pinheiro, « Revolta da Maria da Fonte » (gravure), dans A Ilustração, 1846, v. II, p. 71.Bordalo Pinheiro, “Revolta da Maria da Fonte” (engraving), in A Ilustração, 1846, v. II, p. 71.

Anne SALLES

Alors que domine jusqu’au xviiie siècle en Europe l’idée qu’il faut accepter stoïquement toute grossesse, le contrôle des naissances se généralise à partir du xixe siècle et devient progressivement une pratique répandue, en dépit de l’opposition de l’Église et des responsables politiques....

Thermomètre pour déterminer les jours de fécondité et d’infécondité du cycle menstruel, vers 1950

Quentin BARIL

Of all the artefacts produced by The Great War, trench art is probably the most curious and complex. These commemorative objects raise questions with regard to their technical creation, as well as to the attention they received and the intention with which they were made. An artistic expression of a personal experience during a major European event, the various forms...

Poster by Henri Dangon produced for the exhibition War Art at the salon des Armées from December 22, 1915 to February 22, 1916.

Isabelle DAVION

Armistices, surrenders, and ceasefires have interrupted combat in varying ways. They silence weapons but also maintain the state of war, which ends only with a peace treaty. The choice of negotiating or surrendering depends on the nature of the war being waged, and therefore on its goals, how the war was fought, and the expectations of public opinion. Armistices...

KFOR’s AMX-10P armored vehicles controlling the primary intersection of Kosovska Mitrovica, Kosovo, 2006. © Pierre Esnault-Personal collection

Daniel FOLIARD

Military mapping is very old in origin, yet it was during the early modern period that this tool began to modify the nature of combat and its preparation. European states and their armies played a prominent role in this evolution. War shaped European cartography in the seventeenth century, and war was subsequently transformed by maps through their various combat-...

Agence Meurisse, War map along a boulevard, with curious onlookers, press photograph, 1918.

Virginie MARTIN

Contrary to the historiographical commonplaces that consider the revolutionary period as a diplomatic void, diplomacy under the Revolution falls into three clearly distinct periods: while almost intangible under the constitutional monarchy (1789-1792), French diplomacy was at the outset structurally obstructed at the beginning of the Republic (1792-1795), before...

Bassville's assassination (french agent in Rome) at a banker's, january 13th 1793. Ink and feather, gray wash.

Benoît GRÉVIN

There has been a recent renewal in the history of the knowledge of the languages of Islam during the Renaissance. Numerous accounts attest to both a lasting interest during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and to new approaches that blossomed in the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, leading to broader European interest beginning in the sixteenth century. This history...

Arabo-latin manuscript of Guglielmo Raimondo Moncada for the duc of Urbino.

Jeroen DE KEYSER

The first generations of humanists wanted to bring back to life classical Latin culture and literature. They were looking for manuscripts of rare or forgotten texts, and translated the rediscovered legacy of classical Greek literature. Humanist pioneers such as Petrarch, Salutati and Poggio demonstrated a specific interest in the recuperation of Cicero, whose Latin...

Guillaume Budé and lady Philology writing the Institution of a Christian prince.

Andreas MARKLUND

The dark and stormy circumstances of World War I, 1914–1918, prompted the development of government-backed regimes for mass surveillance of electric and postal communications across Europe. The transnational flows of information, which had expanded rapidly since the mid-nineteenth century, turned into a security risk at the outbreak of hostilities, as they were...

Two young telegraphers at the Main Telegraph Station in Copenhagen, app. 1915, deciphering a German telegram for a secret military intelligence unit called “Kystcentralen”

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